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In 1676, she gave birth to a daughter named Elisabeth Charlotte d'Orleans. Once again the Sun King could not have anyone gain any political power that would potentially be a threat to his throne. Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (Philippe Charles; 2 August 1674 – 2 December 1723), was a member of the royal family of France and served as Regent of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723. Duke of Orléans. There existed a party of malcontents who wished to transfer the regency from Orléans to his cousin, the young king's uncle, King Philip V of Spain. Louis Philippe d'Orléans known as le Gros, was a French prince, a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, the royal dynasty that ruled France. Some of the best historians, genealogists, scientists and artists in the kingdom participated in this educational experiment, which started around 1689. Do your utmost to preserve his realm. At the time, ÃgalitÃ©'s son, Louis Philippe, who was a general in the French army, joined General Dumouriez in a plot to visit the Austrians, who were an enemy of France. With Charpentier's help, he composed an opera, Philomèle, performed at his residence in 1694; and in 1705 the prince wrote a second opera, Penthée, to a libretto by the Marquis de La Fare. Louis Philippe was the son of Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres, and Louise Henriette de Bourbon and was born at the Château de Saint Cloud. One of the main accusations thrown at Philippe d'OrlÃ©ans was the initiation of the Women's March on Versailles on 5 October 1789, which people believed was done in order to overthrow the King and gain popularity amongst the people. ", Philippe d'OrlÃ©ans was elected to the Estates General by three districts: by the nobility of Paris, Villers-CotterÃªts, and CrÃ©py-en-Valois. As the second living son of his parents, his birth was not greeted with the enthusiasm the Duke of Valois had received in 1673.:9. Guillaume Dubois, formerly tutor to the Duke of Orléans, and now his chief minister, caused war to be declared against Spain, with the support of Austria, England and the Netherlands (Quadruple Alliance). On the majority of the king, which was declared on 15 February 1723, the Duke stepped down as regent. At first, it was difficult to convince d'OrlÃ©ans to leave France during these troubling times, but after strong pressure and enticement from Lafayette, he ended up leaving. During the summer of 1772, the Duke began his secret liaison with one of his wife's ladies-in-waiting, StÃ©phanie FÃ©licitÃ©, comtesse de Genlis, the niece of Madame de Montesson, the morganatic wife of Philippe's father. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. At his father's death, he became the First Prince of the Blood (Premier Prince du Sang). The Cellamare conspiracy is the subject of one of Alexandre Dumas' novels, The Conspirators (Le Chevalier d'Harmental). He had agreed among close friends that he would vote against his execution, but surrounded by the Montagnards, a radical faction in the National Convention, he turned on his word, to the surprise of many. He was born at the ChÃ¢teau de Saint-Cloud. Born at his father's palace at Saint-Cloud, he was known from birth under the title of Duke of Chartres. Next, collaborating to link physics and music, Sauveur and Loulié demonstrated vibrating strings and the Galilean pendulum, and how the mathematical principles on which these devices depend are related to music. Philippe disapproved of the hypocrisy of Louis XIV's reign and opposed censorship, ordering the reprinting of books banned during the reign of his uncle. In 18th century France, it was very common for royal princes to receive high positions in the military. ", On 1 April 1793, a decree was voted for within the Convention, including ÃgalitÃ©'s vote, that condemned anyone with "strong presumptions of complicity with the enemies of Liberty." Born Duke of Anjou, Philippe I became the Duke of Orleans in 1660 upon the death of his uncle Gaston, who had previously held the prestigious position. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. However, the truth is that Lafayette viewed d'OrlÃ©ans as a threat to his control of the French Revolution. 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