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First Atlantic FundingUncategorized what caused the vietnam war

what caused the vietnam war

The Vietnamese civil war began in 1959. Ho Chi Minh used the U.S. The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. The Vietnam War was a military campaign launched by North Vietnam against South Vietnam. The question of who would rule Vietnam and how drew the interest of world superpowers, who watched the situation in Vietnam with growing unease. Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. His successor, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, put forth the Domino Theory that a communist victory in Vietnam would create a domino effect in Southeast Asia… and therefore must be prevented at all costs. During the Cold War, the U.S. practiced a policy of containment. The Vietnam War was caused by many factors that contributed to the warfare in Vietnam during the years of 1959 to 1975. The discrediting of the U.S. theory that the emergence of a unified, communist Vietnam would produce a " domino effect " involving the spread of … On August 7, the House and Senate passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution almost unanimously to grant President Lyndon B. Johnson the power “to take all necessary measures to repeal any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent any further aggression.”. In 1965, the United States officially entered the war in response to North Vietnam's attack on a U.S. military ship. Paul Schutzer/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images. Chemical warfare polluted much of its farmland. Try Mao Zedong had proclaimed the creation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, and in January of 1950, China joined with the Soviet Union to formally recognize the communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam. (U.S. President John F. Kennedy would be assassinated less than three weeks later.) CAUSES OF THE WAR North Vietnam was under a communist government South Vietnam was under democratic government Ho Chi Minh launched a campaign with the goal of uniting the country under communist ruling. The Geneva Accords were signed in July of 1954 and split Vietnam at the 17th parallel. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Firepower comes to naught. The conflict between the French and the Viet Minh came to a head at the decisive Battle of Dien Bien Phu, when, after a four-month siege, the French lost to the Viet Minh under commander Vo Nguyen Giap, marking the end of French rule in Vietnam. Causes of the Vietnam war Since the 19 th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. The conflict in Vietnam took root during an independence movement against French colonial rule and evolved into a Cold War confrontation. While the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese war was deadly, Vietnam… A French colony, Indochina (made up of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia) had been occupied by the Japanese during the war. They decided they should invade to spread their form of government. His dream of one, united, communist Vietnam was Minh’s singular mission, and at the war’s conclusion he stood victorious. Emperor Bao Dai was succeeded by Catholic nationalist Ngo Dinh Diem. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He established the League for the Independence of Vietnam, better known as the Viet Minh, in May of 1941. what caused the Vietnam war? But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! In order to assess the role of the Vietnam War in shaping the Modern World History, it is necessary to refer to the causes, consequences and solutions to the military conflict. The struggle between French colonial forces and native Vietnamese citizens supported by Chinese communists was one of the root causes of the Vietnam War. Why?The absence of a clear explanation is not an accident. The coup was followed by a chaotic succession of 12 different governments in South Vietnam between 1963 and 1965. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More specifically, the war took place from 1955 until 1975 but it didn't escalate for until the 1960s. The U.S. role grows. The South was supported by anti-communist countries, primarily the United States. Did you know? The Vietnam War started as a disagreement between communist North Vietnam and anti-communist South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam’s independence from France on September 2, 1945, just hours after Japan’s surrender in World War II. In October 1946, the French announced their intention of reclaiming the north which meant that the Viet Minh would have to fight for it. In response, Buddhist monk Thích Quang Duc set himself on fire in the middle of a busy Saigon intersection. North Vietnam would be ruled by Ho Chi Minh’s communist government and South Vietnam would be led by emperor Bao Dai. Other monks began to immolate themselves in what became known as the “Buddhist crisis.” The United States lost confidence in Diem’s ability to lead. It caused the death of millions of Vietnamese and Americans. causes of the Vietnam war; why was the Vietnam war fought? For more than a decade, the U.S. had declared that it would not let Vietnam fall to the communists. During the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South (Spector). Try President Harry S. Truman’s Truman Doctrine pledged political, military, and economic assistance to democratic nations facing threats from communist forces. The Cold War had been waging since the end of World War II with the United States and its Western allies pitted against the Soviet Union and China. Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnam’s leader during the loathsome conflict, led his country into war with the goal of reuniting both Vietnamese nations under one rule: his own. Key Takeaways: U.S. Involvement in Vietnam The Vietnam War: The Causes Of The Vietnam War. The Gulf of Tonkin Incident, also known as the U.S.S. The main cause for the Vietnam War was the United States’ desire to halt the spread of communism. For all of the self-satisfied voyeurism surrounding the Vietnam War, it’s hard to find a concrete idea about why the U.S. lost. By 1972, the idea that Vietnam posed a threat to Cold War America was so discredited, it sometimes sounded as if America’s only remaining war aim was to … United States forces entered the conflict in support of the French in order to fight communism. what started the Vietnam war? The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam. Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. After the U.S. pulled out of Vietnam, the North Vietnamese began to massacre thousands of Vietnamese from the South. This, in turn, has fuelled antipathy towards both the regime and China and wholly failed to ease or heal the pain the conflict caused. There were many causes for the Vietnam War from both the North and South side. The North was supported by communist countries such as the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. Vietnam was a battleground in the Cold War, when the United States and Soviet Union grappled for world domination. 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