application of proteomics in crop improvement slideshare
The dynamic role of molecules to support the life is documented since the initial stages of biological research. 2003, 60, 15–26). This contact with nature has historically biological (genetically programmed) roots, but also represents beneficial health effects for the modern lifestyle: Studies have shown that living near nature enhances health and that contact with nature is beneficial to recovery from illness or stress, it stimulates social ties and physical activity; nature elements close to the work space are beneficial to productivity; and contact with nature stimulates intellectual performance and positively influences children’s development (for an overview see [30,31]). Climate change can have an effect on infectious diseases . High Throughput Screen. Afroz et al. The role for scientists in tackling food insecurity and climate change. Safari-nedmany et al. Plant Cell 20, 3210–3226. The application of proteomics for analyses of crop plants has rapidly increased within the last decade. The idea of coexistence of humans with nature being beneficial to human health slowly seems to be revitalized in current public health thinking. One such route involves non-reduction of gametes during meiosis a process called meiotic nuclear restitution. Several agricultural applications of nanotechnology in crop production, fertilizer and irrigation management, crop protection, and, Hong et al., 2005b,c; Zheng et al., 2005; Yang et al., 2006, Jhanzab et al., 2015; Razzaq et al., 2016, Harnessing Genetic Resources in Field Crops for Developing Resilience to Climate Change, Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, Ideal DNA markers should represent genetic polymorphism at the DNA level and should be expressed stably across tissues, organs, developmental stages and environment, their number should be unlimited with neutral effect on the trait of interest having co-dominance so that heterozygotes can be distinguished from homozygotes. Schmutz, J., Cannon, S. B., Schlueter, J., Ma, J., Mitros, T., Nelson, W., et al. Furthermore, the development of various advanced tools for bioinformatics and computational science are connecting proteomics to other “-omics,” and the physiological data are further opening up new methods for crop improvement studies via the signaling, regulatory, and metabolic networks underlying plant phenotypes (Kitano, 2002; Langridge and Fleury, 2011). J. Biochem. Proteomics . Apart from these, proteomics is being used for several other crop improvement programs such as, pre- and post-harvest losses, and crop quality characteristics but that is not a part of this review because of space constraints. Liu, X. Y., Wu, Y. D., Shen, Z. Y., Shen, Z., Li, H. H., Yu, X. M., et al. (2011a). The Genome Era: Identification of New Genes/Enzymes . There is another major constraint to world agriculture in the form of limited water availability for crop irrigation. J. Biotechnol. 3:44. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00044. J. Proteome Res. The pant-to-sensor mode is commonly present in LemnaTec 3D Scanalyzers that are installed in several phenotyping greenhouses. (2011). Proteomics has enabled the identification of ever increasing numbers of protein. J. Proteome Res. Technol. 49, 1758–1763. In this direction, the guard cell proteome profiling by Zhao et al. Also they can prove to be helpful in measuring the soil conditions required for optimum crop growth, such as pH, temperature, humidity, and toxins in crops and soil. Yang, J.-Y., Sun, Y., Sun, A.-Q., Yi, S.-Y., Qin, J., Li, M.-H., et al. Transgenic Res. These proteins can be used to employ phylogenetic and molecular breeding strategies in the improvement of this crop (Johnson et al., 2011). Cell wall proteome of wheat roots under flooding stress using gel-based and LC MS/MS-based proteomics approaches. Application of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis to detect proteins associated with harvest maturity in stonefruit. Thelen, J. J. Since large-scale â omicsâ data are now available in the public domain, bioinformatics and statistical analysis tools are needed to decipher knowledge from this vast amount of data. Beddington, J., Asaduzzaman, M., Clark, M., Bremauntz, A., Guillou, M., Jahn, M., et al. Biotechnology provides the capabilities to breeders to achieve certain goals that would otherwise be impossible through conventional plant breeding approaches. (2009). However, DNA-based techniques have successfully been used but these techniques have limitations as in many instances DNA was completely absent while high quantities of allergy triggering proteins were still present, as in the case of egg white (Popping and Godefroy, 2011). Copyright: © 2013 Eldakak, Milad, Nawar and Rohila. Rice proteomics: a cornerstone for cereal food crop proteomes. Lab. This possibility relies on the hypothesis that the majority of drug targets are proteins and the proteomics can provide the candidate proteins involved in a specific biological mechanism. The accumulation of proteomic information about fungal plant pathogens may be an incentive to the development of new and environmentally friendly fungicides. They found a correlation between quantitative expression changes in blast responsive proteins and the amount of applied nitrogen fertilizer. Curr. (2009). Pedreschi, R., Vanstreels, E., Carpentier, S., Hertog, M., Lammertyn, J., Robben, J., et al. In the recent past, several successful projects have been completed to create proteome maps of various crops using 2-DE and/or other proteomic approaches. Phytochemistry 65, 1853–1863. Mohammadi, M., Anoop, V., Gleddie, S., and Harris, L. J. Apart from crop protection, they can also be utilized as packaging materials in protecting post-harvest products. Proteomics 7, 306–315. Sci. Comparative proteome analysis of metabolic proteins from seeds of durum wheat (cv. J. Agric. MASTER SEMINAR ON GENOMICS AND ITS APPLICATION IN CROP IMPROVEMENT DATE-24/03/2018 SPEAKER KHEMLATA THAKUR M.Sc. Therefore, harnessing crops against stress factors is a second essential task for plant breeding. Moroney, J. V., Ma, Y., Frey, W. D., Fusilier, K. A., Pham, T. T., Simms, T. A., et al. Crop improvement is one of the most urgent tasks in current plant breeding, as an enormous increase in demand for plant-derived products will rise in the near future due to the growing human population and the depletion of fossil resources. Science 318, 245–250. Conventional plant breeding approaches, which have played a key role during the green revolution in the 20th century, feel handicapped in the 21st century because modern plant breeders require precise gene modifications with a gene tracking system for the modified trait. Other studies showed that TiO2 NPs at a suitable concentration promote nitrogen metabolism and photosynthesis, thereby improving the growth of spinach (Hong et al., 2005b,c; Zheng et al., 2005; Yang et al., 2006). This information is useful in planning various breeding and genetical programmes. Genetic engineering of crop plants is one of, or perhaps, the most influential technologies in agriculture for plant improvement of the 21st century. Globally, today genetically modified crops are grown in fields at a commercial scale. In the ideal case, a gene encoding a protein for a given trait from a given species will behave identically in the transgenic crop and faithfully confer the desired trait or phenotype.
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